Question and Answers
Q.1 What sort of people are the Pathans and food of what kind do they like?
Ans. Pathans are enthusiastic warriors and extremities of weather and climate have made them physically very strong. They are famous for their hospitality and men power is taken as their pride in the community. Roast Mutton and spicy tongue are specially like by them.
Q.2 How and why does a tribes man announce the birth of a son?
Ans. A tribes man fires with the rifle to make the birth of son known publicly. He does so because the birth of son is regarded a blessing for them. Men power is taken as their pride in the community.
Q.3 Why is the Punjab called the seat of learning?
Ans. The Punjab is called the seat of learning because centuries ago, many educational, institutions flourished in this region and their import is still continue in the form of schools, colleges and universities. Taxila University, flourished two thousand and five hundred years ago gives a healthy proof that Punjab has always been a seat of learning.
Q.4 Where do the Punjabi farmers sit in the evening?
Ans. The Punjabi farmers sit in Chopals in the evening. They discuss about the weather and crops and also solve their disputes. They also enjoy songs and dances i.e. chopals gathering provides them recreation.
Q.5 What is the result of extreme weather on the lives of Balochis? Why Balochies lead simple nomadic life?
Ans. The extremities of weather unable the Balochis to lead their lives in just one place. They move from place to place in order to escape from the calamities of season. Their daily life is badly effected by weather.
Q.6 Describe a Balochi wedding?
Ans. A Balochi wedding ceremony is to be very joyous and jubilant which provides a joy to the guest. Men and women dance to the lively beat of drums which is considered to be the main heritage of the wedding. The groom feasts his own and bride’s guests.
Q.7 How old is the civilization of valley of Mehran and name the university existed that time?
Ans. The Valley of Mehran is one of the ancient civilization of the world which had life in 2500 B.C. It’s ancient city Moen-jo-Daro’s ruins speak of the highly developed society that existed there about 5000 years ago. The University of Taxila existed that time.
Q.8 Who are the famous saints of Sindh?
Ans. Lal Shahbaz Qalander and Shah Abdul Latif Bhitai are the famous saints of Sindh. These mystic poets and saints preached the message of Allah in a very convincing way. Their poetry is an important aspect of our culture.
Q.9 What are the famous crafts of Sindh?
Ans. Most of the crafts of Sindh emerged from the embroidery which is praised all over the country as well as in foreign countries. These handicrafts include dresses embroided with silk thread, beads and mirror. Mirror work is also done on purses and cushions.
Q.10 How are the marriages arranged and wedding ceremonies performed among Pathans?
Ans. The Pathans believe in arranged marriages which are done by their elders. Wedding ceremonies are celebrated with great vehemence in which guests make rhythmical movement to the beats of drum.
Q.11 Why is the Punjab called “Heart of Pakistan”?
Ans. Quaid-e-Azam declared Punjab as “Heart of Pakistan” because of its geographical and knowledge importance. It is a land of five rivers and seat of learning. The religious glimpse in the region is cleared from the fact that shrines of saints and holy men the living glory of Pakistan.
Q.12 What is an Urs and how it is celebrated?
Ans. Urs is the death or birth anniversary of mystic poets which is celebrated in a religious manner. People gather at the shrines and sing devotional songs. They attend the fairs connected with these urs.
Q.13 What is the importance of culture?
Ans. This lesson emphasizes upon the importane of culture for any nation. For any civilization called cultured is an important thing. As it is said that “A person without a heritage is just like a fiddler sitting on an inclined roof.”
Q.14 What is sandy and where it is used?
Ans. Sandy is sort of coal store which is used in extreme cold weather. Sandy with a little burning coal in the middle of the room which provide heat to the people. This instrument is common in Baluchistan.
‘Q.15 Write the main theme of this lesson?
Ans. This lesson tells us the fact that Pakistan is very rich in diversities of custom. It shows us that how people of different regions of our country lead their lives in connection with their customs. This cultural legacy is the basic identity of Pakistan.
Q.16 What do you know about Pakistani culture?
Ans. Pakistani culture comprises of different colourful customs which include religious festivals, lively marriage celebrations, arts and handicrafts. Pakistani culture is also embroided with the thread of simplicity and hospitality. This collective manifestation of customs and traditions mostly emerged from history which re the basic identity of Pakistan.
Fill in the Blanks
1. The birth of a son is therefore, regarded as a great blessing for the family.
2. The Pathans of the north are steady and warlike.
3. People from all over the country participate in the “URs” and sing devotional songs.
4. They will protect a visitor at the cost of their own lives.
5. The favourite food of the people is meat.
6. Roast mutton and Chapli Kababs are popular dishes.
7. Most festivals in Sindh, as in Punjab are of religious nature.
8. Sheep are bred in large herds on the green slopes of the northern regions.
9. The rock area is mostly barren.
10. The ancient city of Moen-jo-Daro dates back to 2500 BC.
1. To see eye to eye with someone: To have the same opinion, or to agree with
Example: Management seldom see eye to eye with Labour.
Sentence: The opposition saw eye to eye when the Government is passing the bill against 8th amendment.
2. To turn a deaf ear to: To pay no attention to
Example: The employee kept pleading his case but the manager turned a deaf ear to it.
Sentence: Paksitan has raised Kashmir issue several times in the United Nations but it had turned a deaf ear to it.
3. A black sheep: A bad character in an other wise good group
Example: Our school has produced very good citizens but there are black sheep too.
Sentence: We should point at the black sheep of the society.
4. To take to task: To call to account, to blame, to rebuke
Example: Those who are corrupt will have to be taken to task of their doings.
Sentence: The manager was taken to task of his mis-dealings in the accounts of bank.
5. Far and wide: over a large area.
Example: This tour will take you over far and wide of the country.
Sentence: People from far and wide places came to see to newly born baby of the Kangaroo in the zoo.
6. At large: at liberty, or free.
Example: The politician is popular at large.
Sentence: People at large condemned the opening of wine shops in their locality.